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Lot #935
POLAND Internment of Polish Soldiers during World War II
1939-44 Internment of Polish Servicemen in Hungary, award-winning collection of 78 covers or cards, written-up exhibition style on 42 pages. Well researched, the exhibit illustrates usages from various Enlisted Men and Officers Camps in Hungary, many sent to Generalgouvernement, some to Oflags, also to unoccupied France, to Red Cross in Vichy, Malmo, Budapest, Switzerland, etc. There are several incoming items (from France, Krakow, Sosnowiec, Wielczka to different Camps in Hungary), great variety of Hungarian, German, censor markings, "Free of Postage Interned Belligerent", Hungarian Red Cross, fascinating and wonderful collection, ex-Danielski
Envelope
$2,400.00
Bidding Closed
Lot #936
POLAND Internment of Polish Soldiers during World War II
1941 (30 June) postal card from Miranda de Abro Concentration Camp in Spain, addressed to Internment Camp Bevaix, Neuchatel, Switzerland, Spanish franking removed by censors (secret evacuation from continental Europe to the Polish Army in Great Britain went through Spain), with two Swiss censor strikes and "Camp Militaire d'Internmenet Bevaix Suisse" handstamp, arrival "Busen 17.VI" docketing at top, fine and scarce usage from a Spanish Concentration Camp to Swiss Internment Camp (the arrival in Spain of a military refugee did not mean freedom. Captured by the Spanish police, escapees were often taken to concentration camps, one being Maranda de Ebro, near Vitoria. Those unfortunate to end up there, usually spent many months of boredom and deprivation, waiting and hoping for their name to appear on the list of men to be released as a result of British diplomatic pressure. Although most people have never heard of Miranda de Ebro, to the men incarcerated there, the name evokes very unpleasant memories)
Envelope
$575.00
Bidding Closed
Lot #937
POLAND Internment of Polish Soldiers during World War II
1941 (9 Dec) cover sent by Stefan Bartolewski, Polish internee captured on his way to Gibraltar and placed in a military hospital in Pamplona, Navarra (penciled note "letter sent by me from a penal military hospital, I had a broken arm"), with Spanish franking and San Sebastian censor markings, opened by Germans on arrival in Tomaszow Mazowiecki, District Radom. A rare usage from a Spanish military hospital (when the War broke, the sender was in Tomaszow Mazowiecki. He crossed Hungary, Yugoslavia, Italy, and got to France, where he joined the Polish Army and was employed in the French defense industry. When France capitulated he was in Brittany. He got across to the unoccupied territories and was demobilized in Toulouse. For a time he was in an internment camp in the South of France and in February 1941 crossed the Pyrenees into Spain. He and other Polish men were detained and arrested 30 km from Figueras. Next, he was held in prisons at Figueras (wound up in the hospital trying to escape), Cerbere, Zaragoza, and Barcelona, eventually ending up in the Concentration Camp at Miranda de Ebro, where he was confined until 1943)
Envelope
$450.00
Bidding Closed
Lot #938
POLAND Internment of Polish Soldiers during World War II
1942 (18 June) postal card from Sweden to Brody, Generalgouvernement, boxed "Services des internes militaires" in French, Swedish and German, with additional violet "Checked by Swedish censorship authorities" handstamp, apparently censored outside the internment camp, undated, sent by Capt. Wilhelm Kamuda (second in command of the Polish Submarine ORP "Zbik", which was interned in Sweden on 27 September 1939 after she had patrolled in the Baltic, returned to Poland after the war), with German censor markings on arrival. Also included is a card from Generalgouvernement, Gnesen (Gniezno) to Stanislaw Plucinski "Faltpost 800 Stockholm", internee from ORP "Rys" (Polish submarine interned in Sweden on 17 September 1939 after she had patrolled in the Baltic and also returned to Poland after the war), with German departure and Swedish censor markings on arrival, fine
Envelope
$450.00
Bidding Closed

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